Overview of possible treatments
Current evidence suggests that patients with persistent symptoms following a Covid-19 infection benefit significantly from interdisciplinary rehabilitation treatment, including patients who were not initially hospitalised.
The overriding goal of Long Covid rehabilitation is to restore and secure participation, defined as integration into work, family and private life, as well as the preservation of independence, after surviving a Covid-19 infection. For this reason, the therapy approach of the Long Covid rehabilitation should incorporate the comprehensive somatic, neurological and psychological as well as social impairments of those affected due to the individual and social consequences of the coronavirus pandemic as part of a biopsychosocial ICF-related disease model, in order to achieve the best possible rehabilitation outcome, also in terms of unhindered participation in social and working life.
An individual and interdisciplinary therapy approach is necessary because the symptoms that follow Covid are very different. Every patient is therefore given an individual programme dependent on the different nature of their symptoms and pre-existing conditions as well as the severity of their Covid episode. Once established, this programme does not remain the same until the end of Long Covid rehabilitation, but is supplemented or restructured by the interdisciplinary team depending on how the individual develops.
Possible interdisciplinary therapy modules of Long Covid rehabilitation are explained below.